Technology and Making: The carrying capacity of the biosphere is not limitless, but neither is it zero. We will still make artifacts in a restorative economy, but these need to be designed and made within a framework that counts the true cost of the total economic activity of the whole system – not just the thing itself.

Re-use: The discovery, mapping and documentation of a  territory’s natural, cultural, human resources is a key element in building resilience. Designers and artists can be especially good at spotting assets in the territory – such as abandoned buildings, disused sites, or vernacular tools – that other people might not consider interesting.

Tools and Platforms In a restorative economy we will share resources – such as time, skill, or food – more effectively. New tools and platforms for sharing, organising, and exchanging are needed – from local currencies and barter schemes, to time banks and community land trusts. Service design can play an valuable role in making these tools and platforms easier to use.

Open  Source Design: Xskool will enable participants to become advocates of open-ness. Why open-ness is central to resilience and sustainability – from the seeds of Indian farmers to copyright for works of art and design. How every new producer – of seeds, words, music, design, or chemical processes – adds something to what has been developed by predecessors.